Stages of Team Formation
The most recognized model of team formation is that of Psychologist Bruce Tuckman. He first coined the memorable phrase ‘forming, storming, norming and performing’ in his 1965 paper, “Developmental Sequence in Small Groups”.
In this paper he describes the path that teams follow on their way to high performance. Later, he added a fifth stage ‘Adjourning or mourning’ to mark the end of the team’s journey.
As you can see from the model above, the more time the team spends together the more productive they become. This does mean that we as leaders need to consider what actions we can take to move our teams as quickly as possible through the first three stages as our seasons are so short.